Dental Hygiene for Dogs
February 09, 2012
An ounce of prevention may be worth a pound of cure, but when it
comes to Spot or Fluffy's health; practicing good dental hygiene
may make a ton of difference.
"In fact, an animal's teeth may be more important to its overall
health than most pet owners realize," says Dr. J.R. "Bert" Dodd,
clinical associate professor at the Texas A&M College of
Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences.
"Human dentists have done a really good job of educating people
on practicing good preventive dental health, but often we do not
think about preventive dental health for our pets," says Dodd.
Overall, dental health can be an indicator of current or future
health challenges for humans and pets.
"As goes the mouth, so goes the health. Taking care of your
pet's mouth and keeping it nice and healthy should help the animal
live longer," Dodd said. Preventive dental care includes regularly
brushing your pet's teeth and getting an oral evaluation and dental
cleaning at least annually by your veterinarian.
Some pet owners may question the importance of dental health
maintenance for pets based on their own experience with childhood
pets, but veterinary medicine has come a long way over the past 20
"It used to be that most of our pets died at younger ages, so
periodontal disease did not have a chance to impact their health
and cause damage to their kidneys, livers or other vital organs.
Veterinary medicine has advanced such that we are now better able
to treat these diseases and our animals are living longer,
healthier lives," explains Dodd.
Dental therapy for pets includes many of the same procedures
that help humans maintain healthy teeth, gums, and mouths.
Available treatments include oral surgery, periodontics,
endodontics, restorations, and even orthodontics on furry patients
as needed. Some of these procedures may be offered by your family
veterinarian or you may be referred to a board certified veterinary
Dodd says it is important that pet owners become aware of the
serious consequences of ignoring a pet's dental health.
"Periodontal disease is a disease of neglect. If preventative
dental health is not practiced and periodontal therapy is ignored,
other health complications may follow," says Dodd.
Teeth, gum, or mouth problems can cause infections and disease,
or they can be symptoms of serious illness in veterinary
"The teeth are 42 little patients in a dog's mouth, so they need
to be well taken care of and treated with respect," says Dodd.
"It is best to begin home care when your puppy or kitten is
between 8 and 12 weeks old; however, it is never too late to
start," notes Dodd. "The first step is to train your pet to accept
brushing of the teeth and the best way to approach that is to
establish a routine of brushing your pet's teeth with gauze around
your finger. It may be helpful to use beef or chicken broth with
dogs or tuna water with cats to get them accustomed to the routine
instead of using cleaning agents."
Once a pet is familiar with the daily routine, you can switch
out the gauze for a finger brush or a very soft toothbrush. Then
you can incorporate using pet toothpaste. Do not use toothpaste
intended for people because the ingredients can cause stomach
issues in your pet if ingested.
Between the age of 4 months and 7 months all of the "baby" teeth
should fall out and be replaced with adult teeth. It is important
to monitor this process and make sure that the "baby" teeth do in
fact fall out and not stay in the mouth when the adult teeth
erupt. These persistent teeth can lead to malocclusion and
severe periodontal disease due to crowding and rotating of the
erupting teeth. Prompt veterinary attention (extractions) can
help prevent these problems.
Contrary to some beliefs, it is important not to give pets bones
from leftover food to chew on. In addition to gastrointestinal
issues, bones can cause teeth to break which leads to additional
visits to the veterinarian and further medical problems.
More and more pet owners are recognizing the connection between
healthy teeth and their animal's overall wellbeing, Dodd believes.
When you make a dental appointment for yourself, it might be a good
idea to make a veterinary appointment to have Spot and Fluffy's
teeth cleaned and checked also. An ounce of dental prevention could
lead to a longer, healthier life for you and your pet.
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*Top Photo: Dr. Dodd works on a patient's teeth as a veterinary
student looks on. Bottom Photo: Dog receiving treatment for its
teeth at the CVM Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital.
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