Opened in 1876 as Texas' first public institution of
higher learning, Texas A&M University is a research-intensive
flagship university with more than 50,000 students — including
10,000 graduate students — studying in more than 120 undergraduate
and 240 graduate degree programs in 16 colleges and schools.
Students can join any of 800 student organizations and countless
activities ranging from athletics and recreation to professional
and community service events.
Distinguishing Hallmarks of Texas A&M
- Texas A&M University, with 53,000 students at the College
Station campus, is the fifth-largest university in the United
States. In recent years, it has received accolades from a variety
of sources as one of the best value universities in the nation. And
last year it was named as the "Happiest College in the
- Texas A&M is one of a select few academic institutions
in the nation to hold triple federal designations as
a land-grant, sea-grant and space-grant university, and it has
a College of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medicine and School of
Rural Public Health on one campus.
- It holds membership in the prestigious Association
of American Universities — one of only 62 institutions
with this distinction.
About the Community
Texas A&M University is located in the twin cities of Bryan
and College Station, home to about 170,000 residents. Our Central
Texas location offers the best of both worlds: it's small enough to
offer safe and affordable living and just a short drive to three major Texas
cities — Houston, Austin and Dallas. Its regional airport
provides commercial flights to neighboring cities.
The Bryan/College Station community enjoys a healthy economy
with strong job growth, one of the state's lowest unemployment
rates and an affordable housing market. In addition to Texas
A&M, both public and private elementary, intermediate and high
schools and a two-year community college, provide educational
options for all ages. As a regional health care hub, the area has
three hospitals, numerous medical specialists and several
retirement and assisted living facilities.
Bryan/College Station's temperate climate provides for
recreational opportunities year around. The University is home to
the George Bush Presidential
Library and Museum. More than 1,200 public events are hosted
through the university each year.
With more than 120
undergraduate degree programs and more than 240
master's and Ph.D. programs to choose from, the university
enrolls one of the 6 largest student bodies in the nation — and the
largest outside a major metropolitan area. Fall 2013 total
enrollment was a record 58,809.
Ranked among the nation’s top 25 public universities and top 10
public engineering schools by U.S. News & World Report, Texas
A&M is the largest research university in the Southwest with
more than $820 million in research expenditures generated by
faculty-researchers. The university also holds membership in the
prestigious Association of American Universities, one of only 62
institutions with this distinction.
Texas A&M operates two branch campuses and three overseas
The Texas A&M University at
Galveston campus opened in 1964. With a current enrollment of
about 2,000, degrees are awarded from Texas A&M University. The
Galveston campus offers 10 marine-oriented bachelor’s degrees and a
master’s degree in marine biology, marine resources management and
maritime administration and logistics. The university also grants a
doctoral degree in marine biology through the Marine Biology
Interdisciplinary Degree Program in cooperation with Texas A&M
University and Texas A&M - Corpus Christi.
Also a component of the Galveston campus, the Texas Maritime Academy is
one of six seacoast maritime academies in the U.S. and the only
maritime academy on the Gulf of Mexico coast. It provides
opportunities for students to learn how to operate and maintain an
ocean-going vessel. At the conclusion of the program, graduates can
become licensed as officers in the U.S. Merchant Marine, or serve
in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Naval Reserves or U.S. Coast Guard.
In 2003, Texas A&M and the Qatar Foundation for Science and
Community Development entered into an agreement to bring Texas
A&M's top-ranked engineering programs to the Middle East by
establishing a branch campus in Doha, Qatar, funded by Qatar
Foundation. Today, Texas
A&M University at Qatar enrolls more than 350 engineering
students from more than 20 countries and recently moved into one of
the largest and most advanced engineering education facilities in
In addition to the branch campuses, in 2009, Texas A&M
opened the Soltis
Center for Research and Education in San Isidro, Costa Rica,
which serves students, faculty and researchers year around.
History of the University
Texas A&M is the state's first public institution of
higher education. With a current student body of more than 50,000
and a physical campus of more than 5,200 acres, Texas A&M is
also among the nation's largest universities. Its origins, however,
were much humbler. Texas A&M owes its origin to the Morrill
Act, approved by the United States Congress on July 2, 1862. This
act provided for donation of public land to the states for the
purpose of funding higher education, whose "leading object shall
be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and
including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as
are related to agriculture and mechanic arts."
The State of Texas agreed to create a college under the terms of
the Morrill Act in November 1866, but actual formation didn't come
until the establishment of the Agricultural and Mechanical College
of Texas by the Texas state legislature on April 17, 1871. A
commission created to locate the institution accepted the offer of
2,416 acres of land from the citizens of Brazos County in 1871, and
instruction began in 1876. Admission was limited to white males,
and, as required by the Morrill Act, all students were required to
participate in military training.
Texas A&M underwent many changes in the 1960s under the
presidency of Gen. James
Earl Rudder. Under his tenure the college diversified, opening
its doors to African-Americans and formally admitting
women. Participation in the Corps of Cadets was also made
voluntary. In 1963 the Texas state legislature officially renamed
the school to Texas A&M University, with the "A" and "M"
being a symbolic link to the school's past but no longer officially
standing for "Agricultural and Mechanical".
Since that time Texas A&M has flourished and has become one
of the nation's premier research universities. Along with the University of Texas and Rice, it is one of only three Tier
1 universities in the state. In 1971 and 1989 respectively, Texas
A&M was designated as a Sea Grant and a Space Grant
institution, making it among the first four universities to hold
the triple distinction of Land Grant, Sea Grant, and Space Grant
While membership in the Corps of Cadets became voluntary in
1965, it has nonetheless continued to play a key role in the
university. The Corps is often referred to as the "Keepers of the
Spirit" and "Guardians of Tradition." Texas A&M remains one of
only six senior
military colleges, and the Corps is the largest uniformed body
outside the national service academies. As such it has historically
produced more officers than any other institution in the nation
other than the academies.
The George Bush
Presidential Library and Museum opened in 1997 on West Campus,
making Texas A&M one of only a few universities to host a
presidential library on their campus. President Bush maintains an
active role in the university, hosting and participating in special
events organized through the Library.