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Ruminant Wetlab

2011 Ruminant Wetlab


Hoof care

Students will learn and discuss the basics of ruminant hoof health, diagnosing different hoof diseases, as well as practice performing hoof trims on cadaver legs. They will discuss common requirements for distal limb nerve blocks, procedure, and complications. Students will learn distal limb neural innervation and practice injection blocks. They will then get to learn how to remove a claw.

Ophthalmology and Enucleation

Students will learn and practice proper procedures involved with enucleation, tumor removal and other various surgical techniques on cadaver heads. During this lab, different equipment, as well as injection sites for local anesthesia, will be discussed.

Dystocia Correction

Students will learn and practice different techniques necessary to remove calves when involved with dystocia cases.

Chute Side Bovine

Students will learn common bovine health practices including safe and effective restraint, identification via tattoo and branding, acceptable injection sites, and physical exam. Students will get the opportunity to practice tattooing and freeze-branding cadavers along with inserting implants.


Students will learn the different methods of castration, complications, and risks associated with castration. They will also practice castration on calves with a Henderson tool.

Casting/Knot Tying

A live steer will be used to demonstrate and practice the art of casting for recombinant procedures as well as allow students an opportunity to practice various knots that are used in everyday food animal veterinary medicine.

Laceration Repair

Students will have an opportunity to discuss and practice several types of suture patterns used in routine ruminant laceration repair as well as reproductive prolapse repair. Frozen reproductive tracts and cadaver limbs will be used.

Field Necropsy

Students will learn to perform a full necropsy on a cow or small ruminant and discuss normal as well as abnormal tissue appearance resulting from disease processes. Bovine and deer cadavers will be used for demonstration during this lab.

Bovine Reproduction

Students will be able to practice techniques involved in Artificial Insemination with frozen reproductive tracts and pregnancy determination through palpation as well as ultrasound on live cattle. Students will also learn CIDR implantation and differences between estrous synchronization protocols.

Chute Side Small Ruminant

Students will learn proper herd management techniques and how to properly work small ruminants in pens/chutes. Participants will also get experience with body condition scoring and dentition on live sheep.


Students will learn how to properly use and interpret an Ultrasound.

Breeding Soundness Exam/Tritrichamoniasis Testing

Students will get hands on experience performing all aspects of a bovine breeding soundness exam, as well as proper sample collection for a Trichomonas Test. Live bulls will be used for this lab.


Students will learn how to use proper surgical procedures required to dehorn using a goat cadaver. They will also discuss anesthesia for ruminants.

Pig handling

The students will learn how to properly handle and move pigs. They will also get a chance to practice snaring and jug pulls. General pig care will be discussed as well.