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Routine Health Care

The health status of each animal maintained in the VMP is monitored on a daily basis by a trained Animal Health Technician. It is also the responsibility of all VMP animal care attendants to report any abnormalities or problems that may be observed during routine daily care procedures. Animals that display signs of illness are reported to the investigator and the VMP Director. If desired, VMP will make arrangements for a member of the staff of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery to check the animal and treat it. Animals needing hospitalization may be admitted to the Large Animal Clinic by the investigator, and payment for treatment arranged at that time. If the investigator cannot be reached and the situation is deemed to be an emergency by the VMP Director, the animal will be treated and appropriate charges billed to the investigator.

All animals entering VMP must be properly identified and undergo a period of quarantine and isolation and comply with the Health Maintenance Program of VMP.

VMP Health Maintenance Program

The Animal Welfare Act and good scientific practice require that an animal used in research and teaching be in the best health possible. With these facts in mind the Veterinary Medical Park (VMP) has developed a model Health Maintenance Program for the animals most frequently maintained at VMP. The VMP Director is responsible for managing this program. The VMP Director will schedule required health maintenance procedures, keep records, distribute charges incurred appropriately and make exceptions, in consultation with the principal investigator, to the herd health program when appropriate for a particular research protocol. The only animals exempt from the program are: animals to be used immediately where health status will not affect the research, animals with appropriate documentation available showing that they have already received the necessary health maintenance procedures, and animals for research projects that would be adversely affected by some part of the program. If desired, the Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery will provide the professional expertise to administer this program and will use the animals to increase the teaching exposure that students receive. In addition, if desired, the professional staff of the Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery will provide medical care to animals identified by the VMP Director as needing treatment, either at VMP or as hospitalized patients. Arrangements for payment of charges incurred for these services will be the responsibility of the investigator.
This program will include, but not necessarily be limited to, cattle, sheep, goats, horses and swine. As listed below, this program is very brief. More detailed recommendations as provided by the staff of the Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery are available in the VMP office and will be used, as appropriate, after consultation with the principal investigator.

Note: All incoming animals are required to receive Imunizations and undergo a two week quarantine before being exposed to resident animals.

Horses:

  1. Immunizations to be determined by animal use, but at minimum containing:
    • VEW-T
    • Rabies
    • Flu/Rhino
    • West Nile Virus
    • Strep
    • Others as indicated
  2. Negative Coggins test
  3. Dental Exam/Float (if needed)
  4. Deworming
Resident animals will receive the following:
  1. Negative Coggins test annually
  2. Dental Exam/Float (if needed) yearly
  3. Deworming quarterly
  4. Immunizations yearly as listed for "incoming"

Swine:

Young and growing Swine:
  1. Immunizations to be determined by animal use, but at minimum containing:
    • Parapleuro Shield P+BE- Actinbacillus Pleuropneumoniae, Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae, Haemophilus Parasuis, Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin
    • Suvaxyn RespiFend MH/HPS- Haemophilus Parasuis, Mycoplasma Hyponeumoniae Bactrin
    • Other Immunizations as indicated
  2. Screen for internal parasites and treat as needed
  3. Treatment for external parasites if indicated
Breeding Swine:
  1. Immunizations to be determined by animal use, but at minimum containing:
    • Parapleuro Shield P+BE- Actinbacillus Pleuropneumoniae, Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae, Haemophilus Parasuis, Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin
    • Suvaxyn RespiFend MH/HPS- Haemophilus Parasuis, Mycoplasma Hyponeumoniae Bactrin
    • Parvovirus
    • Six-way leptospirosis
    • Other Immunizations as indicated
  2. Screen for internal parasites and treat as needed
  3. Treatment for external parasites if indicated

All swine- Unless from a known vendor, all incoming pigs will be tested for PRRS, pseudorabies, and brucellosis (breeding animals only).

Quarantine Policy

  1. Pigs from a known, approved vendor will undergo a two week quarantine. Animals will have vaccine boosters upon arrival for diseases listed above.
  2. Pigs from unknown sources will undergo a 30 day quarantine at a location to be identified. Animals will be vaccinated upon arrival for diseases listed above and then re-vaccinated a week before release from quarantine.

Sheep and Goats:

  1. Immunizations to be determined by animal use, but at minimum containing:
    • Enterotoxemia
    • Tetanus
    • Others as indicated
  2. Screen for internal parasites and treat as needed

Cattle:

  1. Immunizations to be determined by animal use but at the very minimum containing:
    • Clostridium 7 way
    • Leptospirosis 5 way
  2. Screen for internal parasites and treat as needed
  3. Incoming Cattle will need to be tested for BVD and BLV.