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Cell Biology Post Test
December 11, 2020
Welcome to your Cell Biology Post Test
In 1838 botanist Matthias Schleiden determined that all plants are composed of cells. In 1839 anatomist Theodor Schwann proposed that all animals are composed of cells. In 1855 biologist Rudolph Virchow added to Schleiden’s and Schwann’s observations and proposed that all living things are composed of cells. Which statement is also part of Virchow’s cell theory?
A. All cells have a cell wall.
B. All cells arise from pre-existing cells.
C. All cells are capable of photosynthesis.
D. All cells can develop into any other type of cell.
Which of the following correctly describes the functions of the cell structures?
A. Vacuole-Stores water; Chloroplast-Removes waste; Mitochondrion-Produces sugar; Cell membrane-regulates cell contents
B. Vacuole-Stores water; Chloroplast-Produces sugar; Mitochondrion-Converts energy; Cell membrane-Regulates cell contents
C. Vacuole-Regulates cell contents; Chloroplast-Produces sugar; Mitochondrion-Stores water; Cell membrane-Converts energy
D. Vacuole-Removes waste; Chloroplast-Converts energy; Mitochondrion-Produces sugar; Cell membrane-Regulates cell contents
Three cousins have a similar appearance but different face shapes. Which of these cell components are most involved in determining the basic shape of each girls face?
A. Genes, chromosomes, and nucleus
B. Cytoplasm, chloroplasts, and genes
C. Vacuoles, nucleus, and chromosomes
D. Chromosomes, chloroplasts, and vacuoles
Which of the components could be observed using a microscope in a prepared slide of leaf epidermal cells but not in a prepared slide of human cheek cells?
Some components of cells are listed below.
A. Components 2 and 3 only
B. Components 3 and 4 only
C. Components 1, 2, and 3 only
D. Components 1 and 5 only
Recent studies in bone research indicate that using ultrasound on a broken bone can decrease the healing time by 25%. Which of these are the most basic levels of organization involved when a bone heals?
A. Cells and tissue
B. Cells and organ system
C. Organ system and organism
D. Tissue and organ system
Which of these correctly identifies the two cells described in the table?
Some students used information they gathered from lab investigations to prepare a table. They entered the table in their lab notebooks.
A. Cell 1 is eukaryotic, and Cell 2 is prokaryotic
B. Cell 1 is prokaryotic, and Cell 2 is eukaryotic.
C. Both Cell 1 and Cell 2 are eukaryotic.
D. Both Cell 1 and Cell 2 are prokaryotic.
Which group of organelles is directly responsible for the production of new molecules within a cell?
A. Ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatuses
B. Golgi apparatuses, lysosomes, and the plasma membrane
C. The endoplasmic reticulum, plastids, and vacuoles
D. The nucleolus, vacuoles, and ribosomes
What is TRUE about the inside of an animal cell?
A. The inside of an animal cell contains structures that carry out specialized functions for the cell, but no water or air. The inside of the cell is completely solid.
B. The inside of an animal cell contains water and molecules dissolved in the water, but no structures that perform specialized functions for the cell.
C. The inside of an animal cell contains air and structures that perform specialized functions for the cell, but no water.
D. The inside of an animal cell contains water, molecules dissolved in the water, and structures that perform specialized functions for the cell.
Which statement correctly describes cell shape and size?
A. All cells have the same shape and size because they all perform the same function.
B. Cells sizes and shapes are different because different cells have different functions.
C. All cells are the same size, but cells’ shapes change according on their function.
D. All cells are the same shape, but cells’ sizes differ according to their function.
Which of the following parts of plants are made of cells?
A. The leaves, but not the roots
B. The roots, but not the leaves
C. Both the leaves and the roots
D. Neither the roots nor the leaves
Time is Up!
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