Punta Leona Hotel & wild macaws from Costa Rica

From 2018 to 2023, The Macaw Society worked together with Hotel Punta Leona and Dr. Vaughan to share our knowledge and our techniques to help implement macaw research and improved conservation efforts.

Christopher Vaughan, Ph.D. is one of the local pioneers in the study of macaws. For over thirty years he and his extensive teams of collaborators and supporters have worked with Scarlet Macaws on the Central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. His work was mainly focus on environmental education and has helped speed the recovery of the Scarlet Macaw populations in the area.

Research and conservation partnership with Hotel Punta Leona

Punta Leona Hotel is a sustainable tourism destination located on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. For over twenty years, Punta Leona Hotel has supported the macaw conservation efforts of Dr. Chris Vaughan. The area now hosts a small population of Scarlet Macaws and other psittacines as well.

From 2021 to 2023, The Macaw Society joined forces with Punta Leona Hotel to continue and expand on the macaw nesting and macaw chick health monitoring.

Dr. Vaughan and local macaw protectors Wilbert Vargas and his son Enrique (right) and The Macaw Society Costa Rica team after a long day hanging macaw nest boxes in Punta Leona Hotel – October 2021

From November 2021 to June 2023, we had a field team on site and had daily monitoring macaw nests in the Punta Leona Hotel grounds.

Right now, we are setting up new investigations in the general area to learn more about the wild macaws to compare with our previous work in Peru.

One of those new investigations is part of a USDA Conservation Innovation Grant to create sensors that turn regular nest boxes into “smart nest boxes.” The sensors we built have a mini-weather station to measure the light, humidity, and temperature inside a nest. The system also has a GPS sensor to record the location and time of day. The cameras are programmable and can run simple programs such as timers and motion detection. The cameras can also run more complex programs, such as computer vision to recognize what is going on and report back to the research basecamp. Currently, we are collecting time-lapse photography and weather data, which is reported back to the base camp using a wireless network. We are looking forward to testing computer vision solutions to report to researchers what is going on in the nests. Reducing the number of hikes and tree climbs allows researchers to do more with their time and also reduces the amount of time humans spend in nests, reducing stress on humans and birds alike.

The Macaw Society or any of its members were not involved in the macaw nest monitoring carried out at Hotel Punta Leona from July 2023 onward.