Infectious Diseases: Overview

The vaccination and infectious disease module covers the concepts of organizing and analyzing data using the topics of vaccination and infectious diseases. Students will have the opportunity to guide their own learning through a variety of “learning objects” intended to provide critical thinking about and application of required science standards.

Keywords: acquired immunity, bar graph, controlled variable, data, data table, dependent variable, epidemic, graph, independent variable, infectious disease, line graph, mean, median, mode, natural immunity, pandemic, pie chart, range, vaccine, variable, virus

Subject TEKS:
● Scientific Processes All Sciences:

  • 2 (A) plan and implement comparative and descriptive investigations by making observations, asking well defined questions,
  • 2 (D) construct tables and graphs, using repeated trials and means, to organize data and identify patterns
  • 2 (E) analyze data to formulate reasonable explanations, communicate valid conclusions supported by the data, and predict trends
  • 3 (A) analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning

● Biology 4 (C) compare the structures of viruses to cells, describe viral reproduction, and describe the role of viruses in causing diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza.
● Biology 10 (A) describe the interactions that occur among systems that perform the functions of regulation, nutrient absorption, reproduction, and defense from injury or illness in animals
● Biology 11 (A) summarize the role of microorganisms in both maintaining and disrupting the health of both organisms

NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:

  • Construct a scientific explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from sources (including the students’ own experiments) and the assumption that theories and laws that describe the natural world operate today as they did in the past and will continue to do so in the future. (MS-LS1-5),(MS-LS1-6).
  • Use an oral and written argument supported by empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support or refute an explanation or a model for a phenomenon or a solution to a problem. (MS-LS1-4)
  • Gather, read, and synthesize information from multiple appropriate sources and assess the credibility, accuracy, and possible bias of each publication and methods used, and describe how they are supported or not supported by evidence. (MS-LS1-8)

Grade Level: 6th – 9th

Learning Objectives:
1. Define data and provide examples of types of data.
2. Correctly use pie charts, bar graphs, and line graphs according to the type of data to be represented.
3. Analyze infectious disease and vaccination data using mean, median, mode, and range.
4. Analyze data to formulate conclusions and predict trends related to vaccinations and infectious diseases.
5. Define infectious disease.
6. Describe how the immune system and vaccinations work together to fight infectious diseases.
7. Analyze influenza data to compare and contrast seasonal and pandemic flu.